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  点击查看:2018年6月英语四级模拟试卷汇总

  PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)

  Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic. “Rechoice of Professions—A Social Problem”. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese ) below:

  1. 下岗人员(laid off personnel)面临一个严肃的问题——再就业。

  2. 下岗人员要改变就业观念,树立坚强信心,重新就业。

  3. 人们要关心、帮助下岗人员,克服困难,争取胜利。

  You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. PartⅡ listening comprehension

  Section A (three news reports)略

  Section B (two long conversations)略

  Section C (three passages)略

  PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.

  Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  Years ago, doctors often said that pain was a normal part of life. In particular, when older patients __26__ of pain, they were told it was a natural part of aging and they would have to learn to live with it.

  Times have changed. Today, we take pain __27__. Indeed, pain is now considered the fifth vital sign, as important as blood pressure, temperature, breathing rate and pulse in __28__ a person's well-being. We know that chronic (慢性的) pain can disrupt (扰乱) a person's life, causing problems that __29__ from missed work to depression.

  That's why a growing number of hospitals now depend upon physicians who __30__ in pain medicine. Not only do we evaluate the cause of the pain, which can help us treat the pain better, but we also help provide comprehensive therapy for depression and other psychological and social __31__ related to chronic pain. Such comprehensive therapy often __32__ the work of social workers, psychiatrists (心理医生) and psychologists, as well as specialists in pain medicine.

  This modern __33__ for pain management has led to a wealth of innovative treatments which are more effective and with fewer side effects than ever before. Decades ago, there were only a __34__ number of drugs available, and many of them caused __35__ side effects in older people, including dizziness and fatigue. This created a double-edged sword: the medications helped relieve the pain but caused other problems that could be worse than the pain itself.

  [A] result

  [B] involves

  [C] significant

  [D] range

  [E] relieved

  [F] issues

  [G] seriously

  [H] magnificent

  [I] determining

  [J] limited

  [K] gravely

  [L] complained

  [M] respect

  [N] prompting

  [O] specialize

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  Why I Became a Teacher: to Pass on My Love of Literature

  A) Like lots of people, I never thought I'd be a teacher when I was at school. To be honest l only did my training because my husband was on a four-year course and 1was on a three-year course at Cardiff University so I wanted to do something for one year. I thought doing a teaching qualification would be interesting and might be quite use full I'm convinced that nothing else I might have done would have given me so much pleasure and satisfaction, or fitted in so well with family life.

  B) When I retire, in just a few years time, I can look back on a career which made a positive difference to the lives of thousands of children. Few other career choices can be so rewarding, so if you have a love of your subject and want the opportunity to pass that on then teaching can be a great career.

  C) Anyone going into teaching now will be used to teaching to formal work schemes and observation. I think it has raised standards in the profession but personally I feel the loss in the classroom. I've got the confidence of 30 years experience. I've seen new approaches come and go (and sometime even identical "new ideas" come and go more than once).

  D) For me, it's the passion for your subject and interest in the success of your students that matters more than how all the acronyms (首字母缩略词) add up. This is what will make you a good teacher. There's still room for individuals but you have to have the confidence and passion for your subject to make it work.

  E) The major challenge in teaching is time. There's not enough of it. It's hard if you're working full time to cope with the marking and feel Eke you have enough time to do your job properly. I've worked part time ever since I had children. I officially work three days a week--trot on my two days off I always work, it probably all adds up to what counts as a full week's work in most other jobs but the pay isn't bad so you can work part time and then the job really does fit in with family life. There are shortcuts to save time, and if had to work part time I'd have to use. them. But working part time gives me the luxury, to be a critical marker. It can take two hours to mark a 3,000 word A level essay, so if you have 16 pupils that's 32 hours of marking in one week for just one class.

  F) One of the benefits of being a part-time teacher is that I do have time to mark properly. Sometimes my feedback is almost as long as their essay but 1 really want the kids to do well. One of the best things about teaching is you get to raise children's aspirations, and to make a difference in their lives. You get visits and emails from your old students to prove it! It's great to make the difference, and, as they say, it does make it all worthwhile.

  G ) The core of teaching is the subject and the pupils. We have a lot of NQTs and PGCE students coming to our school and sometimes I must admit to being disappointed when students don't know their subjects that well. I had an NQT who was teaching Animal Farm and asked me "What's Marxism?" --and she'd got a first in her degree so it just goes to show that government initiatives to try and attract those with firsts aren't necessarily going work.

  H) However. lots of people drop out of teaching after a couple of years, it is an exhausting job. So my advice to those just starling out is:

  I) Don't lose your sense of proportion over things that happen in the classroom or in an observation that doesn't go well. As long as in the higger picture of things you are connecting with kids and the subject--then don't get frustrated. Even after 30 years of teaching everyone has fearful days in teaching, he you think: "Can I really do this?"You've got In keep positive; it's only a problem if you gel mute bad days than good days.

  J)Make sure leaching doesn't overwhelm you. You have Io develop strategies especially if you are teaching a subject which requires a lot of marking. So plan things well. Get your pupils to do peer marking, which really can work. If you know you just can't handle any more marking in a particular week, get pupi!s to write a speech and then perform it in the next class. You've got to think ahead about times of maximum workload and plan accordingly--ask your more experienced colleagues for advice

  K)You've got to keep your sense of burnout, which is a great v, ay of relieving a,situation. I know I became a better teacher when I became a parent. I realised that kids can be so unpleasant sometimes, even your own kids. They don't mean it; they're just being kids. It doesn't mean they bate you or hate your lessons, When you're a new teacher coming into teaching, especially if you are young, you think of the students as almost your adversaries (对手), anti you've got-to defeat them. But you've got to be, careful what you say. You can't belittle them too much or you can really harm them.

  L) Love your subject. If you are going to succeed in secondary school leaching you must love your subject. The kids really know if you do or don't.

  M) You have to know your students are individuals, they learn in different ways. You have to be sensitlive to that.

  N ) You can't just teach to a formula. 1 do worry about the diffcuence between lip service to what the government say it's supposed to be like and what it's really like. I do hate the untrnthfulness of that and the gulf seems to widen more anti more. It feels likewhat matters most is what's tested. The trouble is nothing that is really worthwhile canbe tested. are the love of learning, connection with literature, having empathy ( 移情作用 )--these are the things that really make a difference to someone's life but of course they can't be tested. Young teachers have to he eareful not to get lost in fimnulas and initiatives. A more experienced teacher will have confidence to respond to kids anti to talk about an issue that's raised in class that's not on the plan. The children will learn so much from that but there's no box to tick.

  36. Keeping sense of humor rather than belittling your students can help relieve a situation.

  37. Teachers should not teach to a formula because what cannot be tested may really matter to a student's life.

  38. For the author, the main challenge in teaching is that there's no enough time.

  39. For teachers faced with a lot of marking, one strategy is to get pupils involved in peer marking.

  40. When dealing with things that happen in the classroom, teachers are advised to decide priorities.

  41. Working part time enables the author to mark students' assignments properly.

  42. The author believes she has received most satisfaction from teaching as a career.

  43. Students can tell whether a teacher loves his subject or not.

  44. The author thinks that teaching to formal work schemes and observation can make a loss in the classroom.

  45. According to the author, passion for a subject and interest in students' success will make a good teacher.

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